Oriental tobacco is the same Turkish tobacco; it is very aromatic, small-leafed kind of tobacco which is sun-cured. Historically, it was raised originally in Macedonia and Thrace, now divided among the Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey, but it is also grown in South Africa, in Egypt, on the Black Sea coast of Turkey and elsewhere.
The name of ‘Turkish’ refers to the Ottoman Empire, which had conducted the historic production areas by the late 19th/early 20th century.
A lot of the first brands of cigarettes were produced entirely or mostly of Turkish tobacco; nowadays its first use is in especially cigarettes (a typical American cigarette is a blend of bright Virginia, burley and Turkish) and sometime in pipe tobacco too.
Turkish tobacco plants are cultivated in Egypt and different corners of the world. Oriental tobacco is sun-cured, that makes it more aromatic and, like flue-cured tobacco, more acidic than air or smoke-cured tobacco, so more favorable for cigarette production.
Oriental tobacco has a mild flavor and has less nicotine and fewer carcinogens than other types. In order to have the entire flavor, it is put together with more robust tobacco. Turkish tobacco usually has a bigger number and smaller size leaves. These differences can be attributed to soil, climate, cultivation and treatment methods.